Redmine on CentOS installation HOWTO » History » Version 52

Mr. DTTH, 2013-02-28 04:18

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h1. Redmine on CentOS installation HOWTO
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This works with CentOS versions 5 and 6 and describes how to get Redmine 1.3.2 set up.
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{{toc}}
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h2. Assumptions
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* Apache is up and running
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* Apache has previously been used and works quite well 
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* MySQL is up and running
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* MySQL has previously been used and works quite well
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* Your are logged as root
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* The next steps are done successively without errors
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* You can of course use vi/vim as your editor of choice instead of nano, if you know what you are doing. ;) 
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h1. Install pre-dependencies
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<pre>yum -y install zlib-devel curl-devel openssl-devel httpd-devel apr-devel apr-util-devel mysql-devel</pre>
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h2. Install Ruby (Option 1)
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Things after *#* are comments, and it is no use to type this stuff in ;) 
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<pre>cd ~/Downloads  # YOUR FOLDER OF CHOICE
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ftp ftp.ruby-lang.org
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</pre>
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h3. FTP session
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<pre>ftp> Anonymous  # USERLOGIN
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ftp> 'none', just hit Enter  # NO PASSWORD
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ftp> cd /pub/ruby
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ftp> get ruby-1.8.7.pXXX.tar.gz  # XXX is currently 358, as of 03/2012
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ftp> bye</pre>
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h3. Untar
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<pre>tar zxvf ruby-1.8.7.pXXX.tar.gz</pre>
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h3. Install
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<pre>cd ruby-1.8.7.pXXX
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./configure
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make
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make install</pre>
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h3. Check installation
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If this does not work, it is probably because there is no ruby at /usr/bin to be found. 
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<pre>ruby -v</pre>
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If it works, skip directly to "RubyGems 1.4.2".
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h3. Fix dependencies
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(Only in case _ruby -v_ is *NOT* working)
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<pre>which ruby  # TO CHECK WHERE IT SHOULD BE
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whereis ruby  # TO CHECK WHERE IT IS INSTALLED</pre>
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_which_ returns like /usr/bin/ along with other directories (where ruby is expected to be), and _whereis_ returns like /usr/local/bin/ruby (thats where ruby actually lies).
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h4. Fix via adding /usr/local/bin to $PATH
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(Do this with your editor of choice, if you do not like nano.)
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<pre>nano /etc/profile</pre>
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Make the section with _pathmunge_ look alike like this:
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<pre>#Path manupulation
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if [ "$EUID" = "0" ]; then
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    pathmunge /sbin
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    pathmunge /usr/sbin
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    pathmunge /usr/local/sbin
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    pathmunge /usr/local/bin  # ADDED THIS
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else
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    pathmunge /usr/local/bin after  # ADDED THIS
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    pathmunge /usr/local/sbin after
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    pathmunge /usr/sbin after
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    pathmunge /sbin
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fi</pre>
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OR ADD THIS AT THE END OF THE FILE:
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<pre>nano /etc/profile
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export PATH="$PATH:/usr/local/bin"</pre>
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This sets the PATH for all Users beside root. For this setup you want to change the PATH for root, too:
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<pre>nano ~/.bashrc
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export PATH="$PATH:/usr/local/bin"</pre>
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Logout your user and login again, to make the changes work.
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h4. Fix via Symlink Creation 
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This is not recommended, since if the ruby dependency is broken, others will likely be later on, too. Repair this by adding the folder to the $PATH variable like described before, else _gem_, _rake_, _bundle_, _passenger-install-apache2-module_ will not work either... you would have to create symlinks for them later on, too.
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Symlinks are created like this
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<pre>ln -s /usr/local/bin/ruby /usr/bin/ruby</pre>
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h4. Verify ruby to be working
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<pre>which ruby  # MUST RETURN PATH TO RUBY
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ruby -v  # MUST RETURN RUBY VERSION
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cd ..</pre>
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Now it has to work. When changing $PATH variable, did you log out and log on again with your current user?
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If this does not function properly, other things later on will also not work.
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h2. Install Ruby (Option 2)
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Install Ruby use "RMV":https://rvm.io/rvm/install/ for lastest version ruby
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<pre>$ \curl -L https://get.rvm.io | bash -s stable --ruby</pre>
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Or, if you need older-version,Install a version of Ruby (eg 1.9.2):
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<pre>
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rvm install 1.9.2
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Installing Ruby from source to: /Users/user/.rvm/rubies/ruby-1.9.2-p180, this may take a while depending on your cpu(s)...
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ruby-1.9.2-p180 - #fetching
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ruby-1.9.2-p180 - #downloading ruby-1.9.2-p180, this may take a while depending on your connection...
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...
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ruby-1.9.2-p180 - #extracting ruby-1.9.2-p180 to /Users/user/.rvm/src/ruby-1.9.2-p180
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ruby-1.9.2-p180 - #extracted to /Users/user/.rvm/src/ruby-1.9.2-p180
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ruby-1.9.2-p180 - #configuring
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ruby-1.9.2-p180 - #compiling
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ruby-1.9.2-p180 - #installing
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</pre>
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Use the newly installed Ruby:
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<pre>
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$ rvm use 1.9.2
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Using /Users/user/.rvm/gems/ruby-1.9.2-p180
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</pre>
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Check this worked correctly:
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<pre>
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user$ ruby -v
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ruby 1.9.2p180 (2011-02-18 revision 30909) [i386-darwin9.8.0]
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user$ which ruby
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Using /Users/user/.rvm/gems/ruby-1.9.2-p180/bin/ruby
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</pre>
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h2. RubyGems 1.4.2 
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*Does not work with Gems 1.5!*
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h3. Download
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<pre>wget http://production.cf.rubygems.org/rubygems/rubygems-1.4.2.tgz</pre>
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h3. Untar
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<pre>tar zxvf rubygems-1.4.2.tgz</pre>
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h3. Setup
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<pre>cd rubygems-1.4.2
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ruby setup.rb</pre>
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h3. Check installation
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<pre>gem -v</pre>
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h3. Do things work?
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... else the cause is the same as with the ruby problem before...
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h2. Passenger
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h3. Regular install method
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Requires C++ compiler to complete. 
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Note: in some CentOS-like linux distros (RHEL, Amazon Linux) the C++ compiler does not come as part of the GCC compiler package. If that's the case, it can be installed with the following command:
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<pre>yum install gcc-c++</pre>
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<pre>gem install passenger
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passenger-install-apache2-module</pre>
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The install process is interactive and you wil be told what to do. How to install missing dependencies is described exactly. JUST READ!
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h3. Alternative install method 
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Install mod_passenger RPM for Apache from the following location:
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> http://passenger.stealthymonkeys.com/
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_RHEL/CentOS 5_
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<pre>rpm -Uvh http://passenger.stealthymonkeys.com/rhel/5/passenger-release.noarch.rpm
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yum install mod_passenger</pre>
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_RHEL/CentOS 6_
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<pre>rpm --import http://passenger.stealthymonkeys.com/RPM-GPG-KEY-stealthymonkeys.asc
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yum install http://passenger.stealthymonkeys.com/rhel/6/passenger-release.noarch.rpm
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yum install mod_passenger</pre>
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h2. Restart Apache
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<pre>service httpd restart</pre>
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h1. Install Redmine
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h2. Checkout from SVN (Recommended)
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<pre>
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$ cd /var/www
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$ svn co http://svn.redmine.org/redmine/branches/2.3-stable redmine
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</pre>
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h2. Or Download
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Download page: 
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> http://rubyforge.org/frs/?group_id=1850
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<pre>wget http://rubyforge.org/frs/download.php/75910/redmine-1.3.2.tar.gz # GET LATEST VERSION ON RUBYFORGE</pre>
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h3. Untar
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<pre>tar zxvf redmine-1.3.2.tar.gz</pre>
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h3. Copy the folder to its HTTP document root folder
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<pre>mkdir /var/www/redmine
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cp -av redmine-1.3.2/* /var/www/redmine</pre>
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h1. Link Redmine to the Database
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h2. Install MySQL DB Server
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<pre>yum install mysql-server
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chkconfig mysqld on
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service mysqld start
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/usr/bin/mysql_secure_installation</pre>
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h2. Create a MySQL database to use with Redmine
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Start the mysql client:
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<pre>mysql -u root -p</pre>
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The version you have is shown in the welcome message.
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Enter the following commands in the mysql console: (without repeating the prompt ;) )
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<pre>mysql> create database redmine character set utf8;</pre>
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h3. Latest MySQL Version
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<pre>mysql> create user 'redmine'@'localhost' identified by 'my_password';
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mysql> grant all privileges on redmine.* to 'redmine'@'localhost';
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mysql> \q</pre>
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h3. For versions of MySQL prior to 5.0.2
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Skip the 'create user' step and do instead:
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<pre>mysql> grant all privileges on redmine.* to 'redmine'@'localhost' identified by 'my_password';
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mysql> \q</pre>
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Now the database and a user to be used with it is created. Also the user has the rights to work on the database that was created.
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h2. Configure database.yml 
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There you have to enter the user:password combination (redmine:my_password) in the config file, so Redmine can actually talk to the database (redmine).
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<pre>cd /var/www/redmine/config
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cp database.yml.example database.yml
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nano database.yml</pre>
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Change it to look like:
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<pre>production:
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    adapter: mysql
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    database: redmine
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    host: localhost
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    username: redmine
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    password: my_password
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    encoding: utf8</pre>
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The other entries are not important, since we will use only the production environment. But if you would need the development or test environment, don't forget the create additional databases. *Don't* use the same database for production and testing or development environment!
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h1. Rails Settings
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h2. Dependency management with bundler
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For more info go to the "bundler site":http://gembundler.com/.
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h3. Install
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<pre>gem install bundler</pre> 
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or if You have a problem try 
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<pre>gem install bundler --verbose</pre>
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* Error: /usr/local/bin/ruby: symbol lookup error: /usr/local/lib/ruby/site_ruby/1.8/x86_64-linux/zlib.so: undefined symbol: RB_GC_GUARD
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<pre>
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wget http://www.blue.sky.or.jp/atelier/ruby/ruby-zlib-0.6.0.tar.gz
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tar xvzf ruby-zlib-0.6.0.tar.gz
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cd ruby-zlib-0.6.0
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ruby extconf.rb && make && make install
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</pre>
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h3. Create Gemfile
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<pre>nano /var/www/redmine/Gemfile</pre>
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h3. Register gems
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Put the following into the file you just opened:
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<pre># file: /var/www/redmine/Gemfile
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source "http://rubygems.org"
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gem "rake", "0.8.3"
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gem "rack", "1.1.0"
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gem "i18n", "0.4.2"
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gem "rubytree", "0.5.2", :require => "tree"
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gem "RedCloth", "~>4.2.3", :require => "redcloth" # for CodeRay
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gem "mysql"
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gem "coderay", "~>0.9.7"</pre>
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Save and exit the editor.
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h3. Install the provided dependencies
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<pre>cd /var/www/redmine
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bundle install</pre>
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h2. Set environment to "production" 
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Rails has the concept of environments to represent the stages of an application’s lifecycle: test, development, and production by default. 
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Specify your choice with the RAILS_ENV environment variable. 
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Production has less verbose logging and is a bit faster, testing and development environment are not needed anyway for your Redmine.
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<pre>nano /var/www/redmine/config/environment.rb</pre>
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Uncomment the following line at top of the file:
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<pre>ENV['RAILS_ENV'] ||= 'production'</pre>
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h2. Generate the session store
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(In the terminal again...)
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<pre>RAILS_ENV=production bundle exec rake generate_session_store</pre>
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h2. Migrate the database models
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<pre>RAILS_ENV=production bundle exec rake db:migrate</pre>
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h2. Load default data (optional)
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<pre>RAILS_ENV=production bundle exec rake redmine:load_default_data</pre>
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Follow instructions.
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h2. Rename dispatch CGI files in /redmine/public/
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<pre>cd /var/www/redmine/public
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cp dispatch.cgi.example dispatch.cgi
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cp dispatch.fcgi.example dispatch.fcgi
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cp dispatch.rb.example dispatch.rb</pre>
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h1. Apache Settings
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h2. Configure Apache to host the documents
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more information can be found here: [[HowTo configure Apache to run Redmine]]
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h2. Edit .htaccess file for CGI dispatch configuration
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<pre>cd /var/www/redmine/public
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cp htaccess.fcgi.example .htaccess</pre>
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h2. Fix rights for the apache user
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<pre>
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cd /var/www
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chown -R apache:apache redmine
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chmod -R 755 redmine
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</pre>
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This should be everything.
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*Redmine is now installed and usable.*
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*Enjoy!*