Plugin Internals

This page will be used as a central place to store information about plugin-development in Redmine.

Require a certain Redmine version

Sometimes plugins require a specific feature implemented in the Redmine core or the plugin overrides a specific view which requires you to control on which (specific) versions of Redmine the plugin can be installed to assure that the required core is available. Such prevents a lot of issues regarding plugin-compatibility.

The above can be accomplished by utilizing the requires_redmine-method (see issue #2162 for the implementation discussion and its actual implementation in r2042). Utilisation of the method provides an easy, reliable way to create plugins that require a specific version of Redmine and which are setup to stop Redmine with a message about a non-supported version if the version-requirement is not met.

Overriding the Redmine Core

You can override views but not controllers or models in Redmine. Here's how Redmine/Rails works if you try to override a controller (or model) and a view for a fictional plugin MyPlugin:

Controllers (or models)

  1. Rails bootstraps and loads all it's framework
  2. Rails starts to load code in the plugins
  3. Rails finds IssueController in MyPlugin and see it defines a show action
  4. Rails loads all the other plugins
  5. Rails then loads the application from ../app
  6. Rails finds IssueController again and see it also defines a show action
  7. Rails (or rather Ruby) overwrites the show action from the plugin with the one from ../app
  8. Rails finishes loading and serves up requests

Views

View loading is very similar but with one small difference (because of Redmine's patch to Engines)

  1. Rails bootstraps and loads all it's framework
  2. Rails starts to load code in the plugins
  3. Rails finds a views directory in ../vendor/plugins/my_plugin/app/views and pre-pends it to the views path
  4. Rails loads all the other plugins
  5. Rails then loads the application from ../app
  6. Rails finishes loading and serves up requests
  7. Request comes in, and a view needs to be rendered
  8. Rails looks for a matching template and loads the plugin's template since it was pre-pended to the views path
  9. Rails renders the plugins'view

Due to the fact that it is so easy to extend models and controllers the Ruby way (via including modules), Redmine shouldn't (and doesn't) maintain an API for overriding the core's models and/or controllers. Views on the other hand are tricky (because of Rails magic) so an API for overriding them is way more useful (and thus implemented in Redmine).

To override an existing Redmine Core view just create a view file named exactly after the one in ../app/views/ and Redmine will use it. For example to override the project index page add a file to ../vendor/plugins/my_plugin/app/views/projects/index.html.erb.

Extending the Redmine Core

As explained above: you rarely want to override a model/controller. Instead you should either:
  • add new methods to a model/controller or
  • wrap an existing method.

Adding a new method

A quick example of adding a new method can be found on Eric Davis' Budget plugin. Here he added a new method to Issue called deliverable_subject and also declared a relationship.

module IssuePatch
  def self.included(base) # :nodoc:
    base.send(:include, InstanceMethods)
  end

  module InstanceMethods
    # Wraps the association to get the Deliverable subject.  Needed for the 
    # Query and filtering
    def deliverable_subject
      unless self.deliverable.nil?
        return self.deliverable.subject
      end
    end
  end
end

Wrapping an existing method

A quick example of wrapping an existing method can be found on Eric Davis' Rate plugin. Here he uses the alias_method_chain to hook into the UsersHelper and wrap the user_settings_tabs method. So when the Redmine Core calls user_settings_tabs the codepath looks like:

  1. Redmine Core calls UsersHelper#user_settings_tabs
  2. UsersHelper#user_settings_tabs runs (which is actually UsersHelper#user_settings_tabs_with_rate_tab)
  3. UsersHelper#user_settings_tabs_with_rate_tab calls the original UsersHelper#user_settings_tabs (renamed to UsersHelper#user_settings_tabs_without_rate_tab)
  4. The result then has a new Hash added to it
  5. UsersHelper#user_settings_tabs_with_rate_tab returns the combined result to the Redmine core, which is then rendered
module RateUsersHelperPatch
  def self.included(base) # :nodoc:
    base.send(:include, InstanceMethods)

    base.class_eval do
      unloadable # Send unloadable so it will not be unloaded in development

      alias_method_chain :user_settings_tabs, :rate_tab
    end
  end

  module InstanceMethods
    # Adds a rates tab to the user administration page
    def user_settings_tabs_with_rate_tab
      tabs = user_settings_tabs_without_rate_tab
      tabs << { :name => 'rates', :partial => 'users/rates', :label => :rate_label_rate_history}
      return tabs
    end
  end
end

It is important to note that this kind of wrapping can only be done once per method. In the case of multiple plugins using this trick, then only the last evaluation of the alias_method_chain would be valid and all the previous ones would be ignored.

alias_method_chain is a pretty advanced method but it's also really powerful.

Using Rails callbacks in Redmine plugins

When you want to hook into all issues which are saved/created for example, you can better use Rails callbacks instead of Redmine hooks. Main reason for this is that the :controller_issues_edit_before_save-hook is not triggered when a new issue is created.
For example see the implementation of this in Eric Davis' "Kanban plugin":
  1. http://github.com/edavis10/redmine_kanban/blob/000cf175795c18033caa43082c4e4d0a9f989623/init.rb#L10
  2. http://github.com/edavis10/redmine_kanban/blob/000cf175795c18033caa43082c4e4d0a9f989623/lib/redmine_kanban/issue_patch.rb#L13

This will make sure that issue.update_kanban_from_issue runs every time an issue is saved (new or updated).

If you want to hook into new issues only you can use the before_create callback instead of the after_save callback. If you want to make sure that the issue indeed is saved successfully before your code is executed you could better use the after_create-callback.

Hooking in MyPage

FAQ

  • Why is the drop-down selection for my blocks not localized? The Name of the entry in the drop-dwon box is per convention made of the entry in the locale file of the plugin. This entry must have the same name as the "my site" block filename, e.g. redmine/vendor/plugins/<myplugin_folder>/app/views/my/blocks/<myblocks_view_file_name>.erb. So you need to add a line "<myblocks_view_file_name>: <put here translation for the drop down item in my blocks configuration>" in your locale, e.g redmine/vendor/plugins/<myplugin_folder>/config/locale/en.yml.

If this string is not defined in locale file, alyways the filename <myblocks_view_file_name> without extension is made for label in drop-down.

References