RedmineInstall » History » Version 147

Version 146 (Etienne Massip, 2012-04-03 11:37) → Version 147/320 (Jean-Philippe Lang, 2012-04-14 10:51)

h1. Installing Redmine


This is the installation documentation for Redmine 1.4.0 and higher. You can still read the document for 1.3.x "here":/projects/redmine/wiki/RedmineInstall?version=146.

h2. Requirements

h3. Operating system

Redmine should run on most Unix, Linux, [[RedmineInstallOSX|Mac]], [[RedmineInstallOSXServer|Mac Server]] and Windows systems as long as Ruby is available on this platform. See specific installation HowTos [[HowTos|here]].

h3. Ruby & Ruby on Rails & Rack

The required Ruby and Ruby on Rails versions for a given Redmine version is:

|_. Redmine version|_. Supported Ruby versions|_. Required Rails version|_. Supported Rack versions|_. Supported RubyGems versions|
|current trunk|ruby 1.8.7, 1.9.2, 1.9.3, jruby-1.6.7|Rails 2.3.14|RubyGems 1.9.3|Rails 2.3.14|Rack 1.1.x|RubyGems <= 1.8|
|1.4.x|ruby 1.8.7, 1.9.2, 1.9.3, jruby-1.6.7|Rails 2.3.14|RubyGems <= 1.8|
|1.3.x|ruby 1.8.6, 1.8.7|Rails 2.3.14|RubyGems 2.3.14|Rack 1.1.x|RubyGems <= 1.7|
|1.2.x|ruby 1.8.6, 1.8.7|Rails 2.3.11|RubyGems 2.3.11|Rack 1.1.x|RubyGems <= 1.6|
|1.1.x|ruby 1.8.6, 1.8.7|Rails 2.3.51|RubyGems 2.3.5|Rack 1.0.1|RubyGems <= 1.4|
|1.0.x|ruby 1.8.6, 1.8.7|Rails 2.3.5|RubyGems 2.3.5|Rack 1.0.1|RubyGems <= 1.4|
|0.9.x|ruby 1.8.6, 1.8.7|Rails 2.3.5|RubyGems 2.3.5|Rack 1.0.1|RubyGems <= 1.4|
|0.8.x|ruby 1.8.6, 1.8.7|Rails 2.1.2|| 2.1.2|||

Official releases include the appropriate Rails version in their @vendor@ directory so you only need to make sure that you have the right Ruby+RubyGems+Rake+Rack stack installed.

Else, if you checkout the source from the Redmine repository, you will have to install the required Rails gem on your machine (using @gem install rails --version=&lt;required version&gt;@).

h3. Compatibility notes

* *Ruby 1.9 is not supported yet.* You _have_ to use Ruby 1.8.x as stated above.
* *Rake 0.8.7 is required* (rake 0.9.x is not supported by Rails yet)
*Rack* 1.1.x is required, 1.1.0 has a bug with quotes (#8416). Database migration would fail with other version.
* *Mongrel* 1.1.5 needs a patch attached to #7688 to work fine with Rails 2.3.11. In case of upgrade, another issue may appear for some time after migration (#7857).
* *I18n* 0.4.2 is required for Redmine &gt;= 1.0.5
*Rails* 2.3.11 to 2.3.14 suffer from a major issue with sending mails to multiple recipients, see #8751 for details and solution.

* *Rails* 2.3.14 is a minor security release known to work fine with Redmine 1.2.x series (except for previous point) and can be used as a replacement for 2.3.11 (read @config/environment.rb@ first).

h3. Database

* MySQL 5.0 or higher (recommended)

* make sure to install the C bindings for Ruby that dramatically improve performance. You can get them by running @gem install mysql2@. If you have problem installing the mysql gem refer "Rails Wiki pages":

* PostgreSQL 8 or higher

* make sure your database datestyle is set to ISO (Postgresql default setting). You can set it using: @ALTER DATABASE "redmine_db" SET datestyle="ISO,MDY";@
* some bugs in PostgreSQL 8.4.0 and 8.4.1 affect Redmine behavior (#4259, #4314), they are fixed in PostgreSQL 8.4.2
* make sure to install the PosgreSQL adapter for Ruby. You can get it by running @gem install pg@ (works with SSL connections, may need development libraries/packages for your OS before it will compile)
*** Ubuntu OS: development libraries can be installed with (or similar): @sudo aptitude install libdbd-pg-ruby1.8@

* SQLite 3

h3. Optional components

* SCM binaries (eg. @svn@), for repository browsing (must be available in your PATH). See [[RedmineRepositories]] for SCM compatibility and requirements.
* "RMagick": (to enable Gantt export to png image)
* "Ruby OpenID Library": (to enable OpenID support) [only on Redmine trunk / 0.9-dev] Version 2 or greater is required.

h2. Redmine Version

It is recommended that the majority of users install the proper point releases of redmine. Redmine currently releases a new version every 6 months, and these releases are considered very usable and stable. It is *not* recommended to install redmine from trunk, unless you are deeply familiar with Ruby on Rails and keep up with the changes - Trunk _does_ break from time-to-time.

h2. Installation procedure

1. Get the Redmine source code by either downloading a packaged release or checking out the code repository. See [[Download]].

2. Since 1.4.0, Redmine uses "Bundler": to manage gems dependencies. You need to install Bundler first:

gem install bundler

Then you can install all the gems required by Redmine using the following command:

bundle install --without development test

If ImageMagick is not installed on your system, you should skip the installation of the rmagick gem using: @`bundle install --without development test rmagick`@.

You can also skip the installation of the database adapters you're not using. For example, if you're using MySQL, you can skip the installation of the postgresql and sqlite gems using @`bundle install --without development test postgresql sqlite`@.

If you need to load some gems that are not required by Redmine core (eg. fcgi), you can create a file named Gemfile.local at the root of your redmine directory. It will be loaded automatically when running `bundle install`.

Create an empty database and accompanying user named @redmine@ for example.

For MySQL:

create database redmine character set utf8;
create user 'redmine'@'localhost' identified by 'my_password';
grant all privileges on redmine.* to 'redmine'@'localhost';

For versions of MySQL prior to 5.0.2 - skip the 'create user' step and instead:
grant all privileges on redmine.* to 'redmine'@'localhost' identified by 'my_password';

For PostgreSQL:


4. 3. Copy @config/database.yml.example@ to @config/database.yml@ and edit this file in order to configure your database settings for "production" environment.

Example for a MySQL database using ruby1.8 or jruby: database:

adapter: mysql
database: redmine
host: localhost
username: redmine
password: my_password

Example for a MySQL database using ruby1.9 (adapter must be set to @mysql2@):

adapter: mysql2
database: redmine
host: localhost
username: redmine
password: my_password

If your server is not running on the standard port (3306), use this configuration instead:

adapter: mysql
database: redmine
host: localhost
port: 3307
username: redmine
password: my_password

Example for a PostgreSQL database (default port):

adapter: postgresql
database: <your_database_name>
host: <postgres_host>
username: <postgres_user>
password: <postgres_user_password>
encoding: utf8
schema_search_path: <database_schema> (default - public)

5. 4. Generate a session store secret.

rake generate_session_store

6. 5. Create the database structure, by running the following command under the application root directory:

RAILS_ENV=production rake db:migrate

It will create tables and an administrator account.

If you get this error:
Rake aborted!
no such file to load -- net/https

you need to install libopenssl-ruby1.8, in Ubuntu, just like this: apt-get install libopenssl-ruby1.8

7. 6. Insert default configuration data in database, by running the following command:

RAILS_ENV=production rake redmine:load_default_data

This step is optional but *highly recommended*, as you can define your own configuration from scratch. It will load default roles, trackers, statuses, workflows and enumerations.

8. 7. Setting up permissions

NB: _Windows users have to skip this section._

The user who runs Redmine must have write permission on the following subdirectories: @files@, @log@, @tmp@ (create the last one if not present).

Assuming you run Redmine with a @redmine@ user:

mkdir tmp public/plugin_assets
sudo chown -R redmine:redmine files log tmp public/plugin_assets
sudo chmod -R 755 files log tmp public/plugin_assets

9. 8. Test the installation by running WEBrick web server:

ruby script/server webrick -e production

Once WEBrick has started, point your browser to http://localhost:3000/. You should now see the application welcome page.

> Note: Webrick is *not* suitable for normal use, please only use webrick for testing that the installation up to this point is functional. It is not recommended to use webrick for anything other than development. Use one of the many other guides in this wiki to setup redmine to use either passenger (aka mod_rails) or mongrel to serve up your redmine.

10. 9. Use default administrator account to log in:

* login: admin
* password: admin

You can go to @Admin & Settings@ to modify application settings.

h2. Configuration

Since of version:1.2.0, Redmine settings are defined in a file named @config/configuration.yml@.

If you need to override default application settings, simply copy @config/configuration.yml.example@ to @config/configuration.yml@ then edit the new file; the file is well commented by itself, so you should have a look at it.

This settings may be defined per Rails environment (@production@/@development@/@test@).

+Important+ : don't forget to restart the application after any change.

h3. Email / SMTP server settings

Email configuration is described in a [[EmailConfiguration|dedicated page]].

h3. SCM settings

This configuration section allows you to:
* override default commands names if the SCM binaries present in the @PATH@ variable doesn't use the standard name (Windows .bat/.cmd names won't work)
* specify the full path to the binary

Examples (with Subversion):

Command name override:

scm_subversion_command: "svn_replacement.exe"

Absolute path:

scm_subversion_command: "C:\Program Files\Subversion\bin\svn.exe"

h3. Attachment storage settings

You can set a path where Redmine attachments will be stored which is different from the default 'files' directory of your Redmine instance using the @attachments_storage_path@ setting.


attachments_storage_path: /var/redmine/files

attachments_storage_path: D:/redmine/files

h2. Logging configuration

Redmine defaults to a log level of :info, writing to the @log@ subdirectory. Depending on site usage, this can be a lot of data so to avoid the contents of the logfile growing without bound, consider rotating them, either through a system utility like @logrotate@ or via the @config/additional_environment.rb@ file.

To use the latter, copy @config/additional_environment.rb.example@ to @config/additional_environment.rb@ and add the following lines. Note that the new logger defaults to a high log level and hence has to be explicitly set to @info@.
<pre><code class="ruby">,NUM_FILES_TO_ROTATE,FILE_SIZE)
config.logger =, 2, 1000000)
config.logger.level = Logger::INFO

h2. Backups

Redmine backups should include:
* data (stored in your redmine database)
* attachments (stored in the @files@ directory of your Redmine install)

Here is a simple shell script that can be used for daily backups (assuming you're using a mysql database):

# Database
/usr/bin/mysqldump -u <username> -p<password> <redmine_database> | gzip > /path/to/backup/db/redmine_`date +%y_%m_%d`.gz

# Attachments
rsync -a /path/to/redmine/files /path/to/backup/files

h2. Notes on Windows installation

Get and install rubyinstaller from Form start menu select _Start Command Prompt with Ruby_

In the prompt follow the instruction given before

The commands:

RAILS_ENV=production rake db:migrate
RAILS_ENV=production rake redmine:load_default_data

has to be changed in

set RAILS_ENV=production
rake db:migrate
rake redmine:load_default_data

You may need to install install the mysql gem, with the command

gem install mysql

And in some case is required to copy the libmysql.dll file in your ruby/bin directory.
Not all libmysql.dll are ok this seem to works

h2. Alternative to manual installation

Some users may prefer to skip manual installation by using one of the [[Download#Third-party-Redmine-bundles|third-party Redmine bundles]] on the download page.