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Using Git to contribute to Redmine¶
- Using Git to contribute to Redmine
Redmine's source tree is stored in Subversion, and everything eventually feeds into there. Some who are comfortable using Git prefer to use it for its branching and merging features, and because you don't need to have SVN commit access to make commits.
Caution: The git repository at complete.org isn't kept current, as of this writing the last change was done Mon, 8 Sep 2008. Cloning the GitHub mirror is recommended for the latest development work.
If you don't yet have Git, see the 5-minute Git Guide in the links below for download information. You'll want a Git version of at least 1.5.x.
To start out, run these commands:
git clone git://git.complete.org/branches/redmine-integration cd redmine-integration git config --add remote.origin.fetch +refs/remotes/svn/*:refs/remotes/svn/* git fetch
You can see all the branches that Git obtained for you:
git branch -r | less
You'll see output like this (many lines omitted here):
origin/HEAD origin/fb-bug-259-git origin/fb-bug-261-issue-redirect origin/fb-bug-641-context-done svn/git svn/issue_relations svn/mailing_lists svn/tags/0.6.3 svn/tags/0.6.3@1011 svn/time svn/trunk svn/wiki
The "origin" branches are being maintained in Git (no corresponding Subversion branch). The svn branches are identical copies of the same branch in the Redmine Subversion repository.
You'll base your work off these branches.
Starting Your Feature¶
With git, branches are cheap and merges are easy, so you'll usually want to start a new branch for each feature you work on. A single branch will probably correspond to a single issue in Redmine when you submit the patch.
You'll want to base your patch on svn trunk. So you'll set up a branch like so:
$ git branch my-feature svn/trunk Branch my-feature set up to track remote branch refs/remotes/svn/trunk. $ git checkout my-feature
The first line created a branch named
my-feature, which will be based on svn/trunk. The second command checks out that branch, which means that your working copy is switched to it, and any commits you make will be posted to that branch.
Note that the act of committing doesn't sent any patches to anyone else; as Git is distributed, commits are recorded locally only until you're ready to push them upstream.
You can run
git branch to see what branch you're on -- it'll have an asterisk next to it, like this:
$ git branch master * my-feature
Working on your feature¶
Now that you have made your branch, it's time start work.
Here are some commands you may want to use:
|Commit outstanding changes||
|Add a new file to the repo||
|Remove a file from the repo and working directory||
|Rename a file in repo and working directory||
git command is the same as
git-command. You can use
man git-command to see the manpage for any Git command.
Merging with trunk¶
If you are working with your feature for awhile, you may find that Subversion has updated. Ideally you will make your eventual diff work with the latest trunk revision, so you'll want to make your patch work with that. To update your patches to apply on top of the latest trunk, do this:
git fetch git rebase svn/trunk
Submitting your Patch¶
When you're done working on your patch, make sure you have committed it to Git. Then you can generate diffs.
You can generate one big diff, that includes all the changes you have made on the branch, even if they were made in multiple commits. Run this:
git diff svn/trunk..HEAD > /tmp/feature.diff
That means "calculate the difference between the trunk and the latest commit on this branch, and store it as a diff in /tmp/feature.diff". Then go to the redmine.org, create an issue, and attach /tmp/feature.diff to it.
If you wish to submit one patch for each commit, just run
git format-patch svn/trunk. You'll get one file generated for each commit, complete with the commit log. Then you'll want to attach each of these at redmine.org. Usually, though, you'll want the one big diff.